GET THE CONFIDENCE TO TRADE WITH US.

OUR COMPANY :

Kenya Marine Center, licenced to export ornamental tropical live marine fish, soft corals, crustaceans,crabs and zoo supply.

We maintain the only and the most modern mariculture facility in Africa that produces high quality soft corals.

Fourteen years of operation in the industry has credited us with a large network of suppliers across the East African coast and to the extended African continent.

On all the marine fish exported from Africa we have a 65% of its share and an estimated 4-5% of the worldwide share of the industry.

To remain top class in the industry, we have partnered with highly valued wholesalers,importers and suppliers of ornamental marine livestock.

The off-shore mariculture facility is one of our major projects and along with the cost implications and extensive level technology and technical know-how, the company has independently managed to develop and operate its facilities and projects without any financial sponsorship.

This is an assurance that you are trading with a strong and well established partner with enough capacity and muscles to supply all your orders effectively and efficiently. We have quality and we shall remain dedicated unto our motto: “Quality is our commitment.”

Welcome to trade with us, for more queries and how to place order contact us through: support@kenyamarinecenter.com

The Diamond Tail Flasher (Paracheilinus attenuatus)

Diamond Tail Flasher Wrasse (Paracheilinus attenuatus), among the best ornamental fish for home aquariums due to attractiveness and being reef-safe.

The male Diamond Tail Flasher Wrasse is vibrantly colored and is predominantly red/orange in coloration with blue, horizontal stripes that complement its yellow stomach. The multi-colored dorsal fin is accented with red, yellow, and blue coloration and features a single elongated ray. A gorgeous, red band across the anal fin enhances its bold and impressive color palette. The caudal, or tail fin, is flashy in color and diamond shaped. The female Diamond Tail Flasher Wrasse is more subdued in coloration and overall appearance with smaller fins.

The Diamond Tail Flasher Wrasse requires an established 55 gallon (or larger) aquarium with a tight-fitting lid since it is a jumper. In the wild, the Diamond Tail Flasher Wrasse are often found along reef slopes and rubble zones where they swim near the bottom and forming small groups in which the male swims back and forth between groups of females. The colors of an adult male intensifies during courtship and he may flare or “flash” his fins to attract females. We recommend only one male per aquarium display.

The diet of the Diamond Tail Flasher Wrasse should include vitamin enriched frozen mysis shrimp, brine shrimp, and other meaty foods along with a high quality marine flake and marine pellet food.

Approximate Purchase Size: Transitioning: 1″ to 2″ Initial Phase Male: 2″ to 3″; Terminal Phase: 3″ – 4″; Juvenile: Small: 1-1/2″ to 2″; Medium: 2″ to 3″.

Send your order to: sales@kenyamarinecenter.com / fish@kenyamarinecenter.com

For any inquiries: support@kenyamarinecenter.com

Pomacanthus chrysurus

POMACANTHUS CHRYSURUS

Latin name Pomacanthus chrysurus 
Common name Goldtail angelfish
Family Pomacanthidae – Pomacanthus
Origin East Indian Ocean, West Indian Ocean, Australia, Indonesia
Max length 33.0 cm (13.0″)

As aquarium fish

Minimum volume  700 l (185 gal)
Hardiness  Average
Suitable for aquarium  Suitable with care
Reef safe  Not reef safe
Aggressiveness Aggressive towards other species

Food

Maybee Zooplankton (Cyclops, pods…)Soft coralLarge polyp stone coral (LPS)Small polyp stone coral (SPS)
Recommended Microalgae (Eg. spirulina)Macroalgae (Eg. seaweed / nori)Small crustaceans (Krill, mysis, artemia…)Larger crustaceans (Shrimp, crabs…)Other invertebratesSponges

Tips for keeping Angelfish

It is possible to keep various different sizes of Angelfish in the same aquarium, but it means that one must choose species with care and that the conditions in the tank are optimum.

Here are some suggestions to increase the chances of success:

Choice of species
It is important not to choose species that are too similar, the greater the variance, the larger the chance of success. It is also advantageous to choose fish of different sizes. Two young Angelfish of the same same size and pattern for example are a bad idea. One should of course avoid the most aggressive species.

Order of introduction
It is a good idea to make a wishlist and choosing the order so, that the least aggressive are introduced first. When adding similar sized Ange fish it works best if they are introduced simultaneously.

Space
There should be enough space in the aquarium, but it is difficult to give specific advice. Of course there are exceptions to the table below as to just how big a tank should be in order to stand a good chance of success. Space itself is not enough, there should also be sufficient hiding places so the fish do not have to fight over these.

100 gal (400 liters): Several small Angelfish (<15cm) can live together.

240 gal (900 liters): Several medium Angelfish (< 20cm) can live together.

400 gal (1500 liters): Several large Angelfish (<25cm) can live together.

Food and water quality
It is always helpful to give the fish a varied diet, so they can withstand the occasional stress situation when for example new fish are introduced. Water quality must also be very high, so that the fish do not get stressed for that reason either.

Corals suitable for an aquarium with Angelfish

It can be a challenge to keep corals together with Angelfish, since the latter eat most soft corals and LPS. Especially Zoathus are swiftly eaten by the larger species.

It is however possible to build up a mixed coral aquarium with Angelfish. If some of the following corals are choosen there is a good chance the Angelfish will leave them alone; Hammer corals, Bubble corals, Star polyps, Disc anemones and others.
Most of the SPS corals can be kept with Angelfish.

You can order for the angelfish or check our stock list from:

sales@kenyamarinecenter.com / fish@kenyamarinecenter.com

SOFT CORAL MARICULTURE

Soft coral aquaculture is an activity of growing interest due to the degradation of coral reefs worldwide and concomitant growing demand for corals by three industries: marine ornamental trade, pharmaceutical industry and reef restoration.

Factors that influence qualitative and quantitative aspects of soft coral culture and their optimization through the manipulation of key abiotic (e.g. light, water flow) and biotic (e.g. live prey, species interaction) variables are always reviewed and improved.

Success factors for commercial soft coral aquaculture include qualitative aspects, such as shape, coloration and natural product content, and quantitative parameters such as growth and volumetric productivity. Manipulation of environmental factors to maximize soft coral quality and volumetric productivity is thoroughly explored in the production.

If you need to know more about our soft corals kindly get in touch with us through our emails:

support@kenyamarinecenter.com / info@kenyamarinecenter.com

KENYA MARINE CENTER’S CATALOG

Why should you know your trade partner?

You need to be certain that your trade partner will deliver quality workmanship and products, on-time, on-budget. Anything less and your bottom-line and your reputation are at risk. Your trade partner should take quality control as seriously as you do. Time is money so delivering certainty to your schedule means more than just showing up, but also showing up and doing it right.
Does the trade partner have a documented quality control and assurance program? And when the inevitable problem happens, do they have a process for catching problems, resolving the issue and then learning from the problem to prevent it from reoccurring? Can they share their process with you?

Below is our catalog, this is to enable our partners who who we are.

For more queries feel free to as us : support@kenyamarinecenter.com

Diseases of ornamental marine fish.

The causative factors of fish diseases can be grouped under six broad categories:

1. Internal to the individual – genetic diseases

2. Environment associated diseases (such as critical intensities of light/temperature/pH/ dissolved gases) 3. Physical injuries (ex: handling/transporting)

4. Nutritional diseases (ex: deficiency syndromes)

 5. Co-existing organisms (biological entities)

6. A combination of a few or all factors indicated above.

General methods to detect the health of fish in field conditions:

  1. Visual examination is one of the quickest and least costly and requires a well-trained eye. But it need not be highly reliable. Some of the quick indicators are given below:

 External: Reflexes: In healthy fishes, reflexes will be quick such as: Escape reflex, Eye reflex and Tail reflex. The other types of symptoms may be: Sluggish behaviour Twirling, spiral or erratic movements Faded or darkened pigmentation Exophthalmus or ‘pop eye’ condition Hemorrhages Erosion of jaw or mouth Gill parasites, gill erosions, white nodules Tailor fin rot Distended abdomen (Dropsy) Protruded anus (vent) Blood oozing Ulcers/boils (furuncles) External parasites Cotton wool like growth.

Internal: Gas . filled hollows Ascitic fluid in the abdominal cavity Hemorrhages in the muscle wall/air bladder/ internal organs Liquid in the air bladder White nodules in internal organs Swelling of organs (Kidneys, liver etc.,)

  • Microscopic and Histologic examination: Impression smear or wet mount preparation can be examined using a light microscope. This is a rapid and inexpensive diagnostic tool. This method is good for observing motile bacteria and protozoa. More specific information can also be obtained from histological method when special stains are applied to the tissue sections. But it is slow and expensive. It also requires a trained technician, and some times fails to yield a definitive diagnosis.
  • Bacterial isolation: A sample is taken and either streaked on agar – based medium or introduced into a liquid broth containing a mixture of specially designed ingredients. Some media are also designed to allow the selective growth of certain bacteria from a potential mixture of pathogenic and non-pathogenic bacteria. General morphologic classification of the bacteria can be made based on the colony size, shape, color and smell. For more exact identification, biochemical characterization is often used. In this, a single purified colony is assayed for its ability to metabolize a variety of different minerals, chemicals and food sources. This is a very specific diagnostic method. However, it requires days or even weeks obtaining the results, and not all bacteria will grow on defined medium.
  • Tissue culture: As viruses cannot grow or multiply unless they are within living cells, cell cultures allow the diagnostician to grow many types of viruses in the laboratory. A sample is homogenized and added to the cells in the tissue culture flask. If virus is present in the sample, it causes the Cytopathic Effect (CPE). However, cell cultures have been developed only for some fint’ish, but not for shellfish. Rapid diagnostic tests for detecting fish pathogens: In order to prevent outbreaks, minimize the presence of pathogens and to reduce the use of antimicrobial compounds, rapid detection of pathogen is essential. They are further advantageous since the tests are: a. speedy, sensitive and accurate, b. presumptive and/or confirmatory, c. be micro-modified for inexpensive handling of large number of individuals and small volume samples, d. require non-destructive samples, e. yield qualitative and quantitative results. The results obtained from such tests can be correlated with the other clinical symptoms of the fish. Some of the important rapid diagnostic tests are given below:

1. Immuno-diagnostic assays such as Monoclonal & Polyclonal antibody assays.

 2. Direct fluorescent antibody test (d-fat)

3. Enzyme immuno assays (EIAs) or ELISA

4. Dot immunobinding assay

5. Western Blotting technique

6. The Latex agglutination assay

7. DNA – based diagnostic tests

8. Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) tests.

For more information about fish join our marine biology club here: https://mailchi.mp/533a90dfc385/marinebiologyclub

Gas bubbles
Lymphocystis on fins

THE COWFISH

Acanthostracion polygonius

This unusual reef fish has an armor of heavy hexagonal scales covering much of its body, and an elongated caudal peduncle (tail stem) with rounded fins. It has a small, puckered mouth and tiny ‘horns’ over its eyes, with a sloped face and pronounced forehead, giving it its bovine name.
Order – Tetraodontiformes
Family – Ostraciidae
Genus – Acanthostracion
Species – polygonius

Common Names:
Common names in the English language cowfish and trunkfish. Other common names include baiacu-de-chifre (Portuguese), botelia (Spanish), coffre polygone (French), cofre (Spanish), peixe-cofre (Portuguese), peixe-vaca (Portuguese), torito (Spanish), torito hexagonal (Spanish), and torito panal (Spanish).

Habitat:
The cowfish live in the clear waters of coral reef habitats at depths of 10-262 feet (3-80 m).

Distinctive Features:
The triangular body is nearly enclosed in a “carapace” consisting of thickened hexagonal scale plates that are firmly attached to each other with the exception of the cheeks to allow for respiration movements. There are openings in the carapace for the mouth, eyes, gills, fins, and the flexible caudal peduncle.
There is one pair of scales in front of the eyes. The terminal mouth is small with fleshy lips and the gill openings are short with slits located in front of the bases of the pectoral fins. There are no pelvic fins and the caudal fin is distinctly rounded.

Dentition:
The teeth of the cowfish are moderate and conical in shape with usually less than 15 teeth in each jaw.

Size, Age, and Growth:
The maximum length of the cowfish is 19.7 inches (50.0 cm) total length (TL), although it more commonly reaches lengths of 9.8 inches (25.0 cm) TL.

Food Habits
The honeycomb cowfish feeds on marine invertebrates including shrimp, tunicates, and sponges.

Reproduction:
Very little is known about reproduction within the family Ostraciidae. However, it has been observed that this species forms social harems consisting of one male along with only two females.

Predators:
Larger fish are potential predators of the cowfish, however it may be undesirable as a prey item due to its protective external armor, the carapace.

Parasites:
Three monogeneans parasites have been reported from the cowfish: Haliotrema minutum, H. torridum and H. kritskyi nom. nov.

You can get the cowfish and many more marine fish at Kenya Marine Center.

support@kenyamarinecenter.com

EXAMINATION OF DISEASES IN MARINE FISH

Most of the tropical fish in domestic aquariums up to almost 99% of them are wildly caught and transported to the retailers and wholesalers within 24-48 hours.

Removing fish suddenly from their natural habitat exposes them to stress from which some of them die. Moreover, during transportation some marine fish those that survive could have diseases and pass the same to the fish already in the aquariums.

Adaptation tom the new environment could be a bit problematic and so their defense mechanism is often weakened to an extent that they are more susceptible to diseases. This is why the quarantine tank are very important.

Using a microscope, the skin and gill smears or fins and gill parts are examined in seawater on slides. In seawater, the structure of cells, bacteria and parasites remain intact while they can be damaged in freshwater. However, freshwater can be used to examine internal organs.

Many large-scale symptoms of diseases are very similar and can easily lead to mistaken choice of drug treatment, with possibly harmful consequences.

Microscopic review of the diseases gives one a clear concept of the disease.

Materials:

  1. Two dissecting needles
  2. One small and one large pair of scissors
  3. One scapel with replaceable blades
  4. One sharp and one blunt pincer
  5. Eye-dropper containing aquarium water

How to kill fish:

The fastest and the surest way to kill fish to cut deeply into its neck with a knife or scissors.


To detect pathogens on skin or skill, carefully scrap the mucus layer with a scalpel and place it into aquarium water on a slide then cover with the cover slip.

Afterwards, the gill cover can be cut away to expose the gill. Some gill tissue can be removed with the scissors or pincers, placed into a drop of seawater on a slide, and covered by a cover slip.

If necessary, the fish can be dissected:

  • Cut the stomach open, with scissors, from anus to gills without damaging the internal organs.
  • Beginning with the anus, open up the side of the fish to the edge of the gill cover.
  • After removing cut skin, the internal organs are exposed for examination.

join our Marine Biology Club.

Research, experiment, observe and share everything in marine biology: join the club:

https://mailchi.mp/533a90dfc385/marinebiologyclub

Join our facebook platform:

https://www.facebook.com/groups/kenyamarinebiologyclub/about/

Email us:

support@kenyamarinecenter.com

BEST CULTURED SOFT CORALS

The coral reefs of the Indian waters are known for its rich diversity of soft corals. The soft corals are a rich source of biologically active compounds as most of them are found to possess anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumour and cytotoxic properties.

The dynamic appearance and colouration have also made them important additions in the marine aquarium, particularly in the reef tanks which is gaining lot of popularity the world over. However, most of the soft corals used in the marine aquarium trade are collected from the wild, which in the long run will not be sustainable. The propagation and culture of soft corals in captivity is the only solutionto meet the demand of the hobbyists. The propagation in captive conditions also helps in restoration of degraded reefs.


Despite how promising propagation may seem for sustainable practice, its cost implications and other underlying factors must be considered. Our aquariums are located two kilometers away from the the Indian ocean this is influenced by the robust tourism activities taking place at the coastal beaches of Kenya. In order to maintain almost the exact conditions as required by the species and to obtain the expected results, intensive and integrated techniques have to be implemented.

Currently we are culturing a lot of soft coral species and with the eminent improvement we might increase the size of our aquariums soon. Dermands are high for the soft corals and we are still dedicated to meet them.

place your orders: support@kenyamarinecenter.com

Cleaner Shrimp

Cleaner shrimps exhibit a cleaning symbiosis with the fish in the aquarium where the shrimp clean parasites from the fish. The fish benefit by having parasites removed from them, and the shrimp gain the nutritional value of the parasites. The shrimp also eat the mucus and parasites around the wounds of injured fish, which reduces infections and helps healing. The action of cleansing further aids the health of client fish by reducing their stress levels. In many coral reef, cleaner shrimp congregate at cleaning stations.

Get the cleaner shrimps and many more marine fish : support@kenyamarinecenter.com